PASS: Promoting Awareness of Speech Sounds

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Meet Goldie the Puppy

Goldie, the PASS hand puppetGoldie, an engaging puppet, will motivate your young students to rhyme, segment, and blend syllables, as well as segment and blend phonemes—the phonological awareness skills that will build the foundation for their literacy development.

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Designed for preschoolers to give them a head-start on the path to reading

PASS leads kids to reading by teaching them phonological awareness

The first ever, research-based phonological awareness program for preschoolers that also extends to early elementary-aged children!

PASS activities begin and end with a fun and engaging craft, singing, story, or movement activity, with Goldie leading the way. Guided and explicit instruction provides opportunities for measuring progress in skill development.

The PASS Scope and Sequence—with 3 units and 76 lessons of instruction for Rhyming, Blending, and Segmenting—was carefully written to step children through the learning process. It begins with simple recognition tasks, advances to judgment activities (with and without picture support), and ends with the most difficult—production skill.

The program is highly versatile and age appropriate. It can be used as supplemental enrichment instruction or as an explicit curriculum to ensure readiness for the more challenging reading and writing instruction to come.

Learn about PASS

Discover PASS: Promoting Awareness of Speech Sounds, a research-based phonological awareness program for preschool through early elementary

Components of PASS


PASS Implementation Guide

PASS Student Flip BookPASS Rhyming Teacher's Guide PASS Blending Teacher's GuidePASS Segmentation Teacher's GuidePASS gameboards with game pieces

  • Goldie the puppy hand-puppet
  • Goldie’s dog house (the PASS box), dog dish, doggie biscuits (poker chips), and puppy chew rings (plastic rings)
  • Implementation Guide, 90 pages
  • Rhyming Teacher’s Guide, 62 pages
  • Blending Teacher’s Guide, 70 pages
  • Segmentation Teacher’s Guide, 120 pages
  • Student Flip Book, 288 pages
  • 9 age-appropriate storybooks linked to the curriculum
  • 380 game cards
  • 7 gameboards with game pieces
  • miscellaneous puppy-themed manipulatives
  • Win/Mac CD with a printable pdfs

Features of PASS

  • 3 units of instruction: Rhyming, Blending, and Segmentation
  • 76 lessons within a clearly constructed scope and sequence to ensure phonological awareness success for children
  • aligns to state and national standards, including the common core Standards for English Language Arts
  • 9 popular storybooks linked to the curriculum
  • suggestions for modeling and effective instructional feedback
  • criterion-based assessment to monitor progress (that aligns with response-to-intervention (RTI) programs)

At a glance

What is PASS?

PASS is an empirically validated phonological awareness program for preschoolers that also extends to elementary-aged children

Who can use PASS?

PASS can be implemented by a broad range of professionals—preschool educators, general elementary education teachers, special educators, SLPs, OTs, reading specialists, and teachers of ELL

In what setting can PASS be implemented?

PASS can be used classroom-wide, in small groups, and individually

Which children can benefit from PASS?

PASS successfully develops phonological awareness skills for

  • at-risk preschoolers and 4-year-old kindergartners
  • kindergartners in need of Tier 1 interventions for RTI
  • first graders or early elementary struggling readers who need Tier 2 interventions for RTI
  • young children (age 4–7) with high-incidence disabilities (speech, language, learning disabilities)
  • young children who are learning English as a second language

What are the benefits of PASS?

  • direct instruction allows professionals or paraprofessionals to implement the program, especially through a Tier 1 or Tier 2 RTI program for students who are at risk for academic failure
  • provides Tier 3 intervention for students with greater needs (students with speech–language impairments, reading disabilities, learning disabilities, and mild-to-moderate developmental disabilities)
  • teachers can spend less time planning and more time teaching! (see a sample lesson)

What is the research behind PASS?

  • Six distinct research studies demonstrated that instruction using PASS has a significant positive effect on children’s development of phonological awareness skills; read about PASS research
  • in these studies, students receiving PASS instruction showed significantly better performance on multiple measures of emergent literacy (such as PALS) than those receiving regular classroom instruction only
  • for all studies, PASS instruction was implemented in conjunction with systematic training in the alphabetic principle
  • in addition to these studies, PASS shows significant promise for improving the phonological awareness skills of students who are at risk for educational failure in kindergarten and first grade

Who developed PASS?

PASS was developed and written by

  • Froma P Roth, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, Associate Director of Academic Affairs & Research Education at the American Speech–Language–Hearing Association (ASHA)
  • Colleen K. Worthington, M.S., CCC-SLP, Director of the SpeechLanguage Clinic in the Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences at the University of Maryland, College Park
  • Gary Troia, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, associate professor of special education at Michigan State University and a principal investigator with the Literacy Achievement Research Center located at MSU

Is PASS aligned with state and national standards?

Yes, PASS aligns to state and national standards, including the Common Core Standards for English Language Arts; download the PASS Common Core alignment


Brookes Publishing is the exclusive distributor of PASS for Attainment Company.